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Guidelines for Authors

Concise information to submit a paper to the BJMBR
How to submit a manuscript to the BJMBR

General Information
Editorial Review and Processing

Publication Charges
Preparation of Research Manuscripts
Authorship requirement
Cover Letter
Text format
Headings in text
Subject sections (and subsections)

Full-length paper
Short Communication
Review Article
Concepts and Comments
Case Report
Papers that will not be accepted for publication
Specific areas of the Journal

Organization of the Manuscript

Title Page
Authors and Affiliations
Key Words
Running Title
Material and Methods
Guidelines for Figures

Publication Charges

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The authors are responsible for "publication charges" of all accepted papers. Publication charges will be billed to the Corresponding Author when the paper is accepted.

The charge is R$1.450,00/paper for Brazilian authors and US$800.00/paper for authors outside Brazil and is independent of the length of the paper.

The Journal does not provide reprints to corresponding authors. They will receive a CD containing the issue in which the paper is published. There is no charge for figures in color.

Please contact Reinaldo de Souza (bjournal@fmrp.usp.br) if you have any questions.

Preparation of Research Manuscripts

The Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research publishes original research articles of outstanding scientific significance. We will consider manuscripts of any length; we encourage the submission of both substantial full-length bodies of work and shorter manuscripts that report novel findings that might be based on a limited number of experiments. The key criteria are that the research demonstrates clearly its novelty, its importance to a particular field as well as its interest to those outside that discipline, and conclusions that are justified by the data.

Authorship requirements

Only those persons who contributed directly to the intellectual content of the paper should be listed as authors. Authors should meet all of the following criteria, thereby allowing persons named as authors to take public responsibility for the content of the paper.

  • Conceived, planned and carried out the experiments that led to the paper or interpreted the data it presents, or both.
  • Wrote the paper, or reviewed successive versions.
  • Approved the final version.
  • Holding positions of administrative leadership, contributing patients, and collecting and assembling data, however important to the research, are not by themselves criteria for authorship. Other persons who have made substantial, direct contributions to the work but cannot be considered authors should be cited in the acknowledgment section, with their permission, and a description of their specific contributions to the research should be given.

Cover Letter

It is important that you include a cover letter with your manuscript. Take the time to consider why this manuscript is suitable for publication in the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Why will your paper inspire the other members of your field, and how will it drive research forward? Please explain this in your cover letter.
The cover letter should also contain the following information:

  • Title of article.
  • Name(s) of all author(s).
  • Name, complete mailing address, including zip code, telephone number, fax number and e-mail of author to whom correspondence should be sent.
  • Running title. This short title, to be used as a page heading, should not exceed 60 letters and spaces.
  • Suggested Reviewers. You must provide the names of up to 5 SPECIALISTS that could be considered as reviewers of the paper. Please inform the full names, e-mail and full postal address in the presentation letter
  • If a version of the manuscript has been previously submitted for publication to another journal, include comments from the peer reviewers and indicate how the authors have responded to these comments.
  • Papers in the area of Clinical Investigation should include a statement indicating that the protocol has been approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee (Hospital with which at least one of the authors is associated) and that written informed consent was obtained from all participants.

Text format
The text of a manuscript can only be accepted as a Microsoft Word file created with MS Word 6.5 or a later version as a "doc" or "rtf" document.

  • Submit the manuscript, in letter size format (8.5 x 11"), with wide margins of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm), 23 lines per page, which contains approximately 2,156 characters, including spaces.
  • Use a serif font, preferably Times New Roman, 12 point type, including title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and tables. Each page should contain the page number in the upper right-hand corner starting with the title page as page 1.
  • Report all measurements in Système International, SI (http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units) and standard units where applicable (see below).
  • Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract and limit their use in the text.
  • The length of the manuscript and the number of tables and figures must be kept to a minimum.
  • Ensure that all references are cited in the text.
  • Generic names must be used for all drugs. Instruments may be referred to by proprietary name; the name and country or electronic address of the manufacturer should be given in parentheses in the text.

Guidance on grammar, punctuation, and scientific writing can be found in the following sources: Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 7th edn. Rockefeller University Press, Reston, 2006; Medical Style and Format. Huth EJ (Editor). ISI Press, Philadelphia, 1987, Marketed by Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD. The Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine (http://www.icmje.org/).

The writing style should be concise and accessible. Editors will make suggestions for how to achieve this, as well as suggestions for cuts or additions that could be made to the article to strengthen the argument. Our aim is to make the editorial process rigorous and consistent, but not intrusive or overbearing. Authors are encouraged to use their own voice and to decide how best to present their ideas, results, and conclusions.

Although we encourage submissions from around the globe, we require that manuscripts be submitted in American English. As a step towards overcoming language barriers, we encourage authors to seek the assistance of professional services available on the site.


Text footnotes, if unavoidable, should be numbered consecutively in superscript in the manuscript and written on a separate page following the abstract.

Headings in text

  • Position all headings flush with the left margin.
  • Keep headings short (three or four words).
  • Use only three types of headings in the text. Clearly indicate the type of level of headings by using the following typographic conventions.
    • First-level: Only the 1st letter of the 1st word is capitalized, font size 11, bold type.
    • Second-level: Only the 1st letter of the 1st word is capitalized, font size 9, bold type.
    • Third-level: Only the 1st letter of the 1st word is capitalized, italic type


Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. Define all abbreviations upon first use in the text. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used unless they appear at least three times in the text.

  • Explain all abbreviations in the text, figure and table legends when they first appear. Keep the number of abbreviations to a minimum.
  • Do not explain abbreviations for units of measurement [3 mL, not 3 milliliters (mL)] or standard scientific symbols [Na, not sodium (Na)].
  • Abbreviate long names of chemical substances and terms for therapeutic combinations. Abbreviate names of tests and procedures that are better known by their abbreviations than by the full name (VDRL test, SMA-12).
  • Use abbreviations in figures and tables to save space, but they must be defined in the legend.


The use of standardized nomenclature in all fields of science and medicine is an essential step toward the integration and linking of scientific information reported in published literature. We will enforce the use of correct and established nomenclature wherever possible:

We strongly encourage the use of SI units. If you do not use these exclusively, please provide the SI value in parentheses after each value. Examples:

  • s for second
  • min for minute
  • h for hour
  • L for liter
  • m for meter
  • kDa for mass in kilodaltons
  • 5 mM rather than 5 x 10-3 M or 0.005 M

Species names should be italicized (e.g., Homo sapiens).

Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles should be indicated in italics. Use the recommended name by consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature database, e.g., HUGO for human genes. It is sometimes advisable to indicate the synonyms for the gene the first time it appears in the text.

The Recommended International Non-Proprietary Name (rINN) of drugs should be provided.

Subject sections (and subsections)

Eight to nine issues per year of the Brazilian Journal are organized into sections of Biosciences and authors should specify in the cover letter the specific section in which they prefer to publish their paper.

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Experimental Biology
  • Immunology
  • Neurosciences and Behavior
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology and Biophysics

Three to four issues per year are dedicated to Clinical Investigation and authors should specify in the cover letter the specific section in which they prefer to publish their paper.

  • Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and instruments
  • Blood, immunology and organ transplantation
  • Cardiovascular, respiratory and sport medicine
  • Digestive system
  • Endocrine diseases, nutrition and metabolism
  • Environmental factors of diseases
  • Health care and community medicine
  • Infectious agents and diseases
  • Kidney and extracellular environment
  • Neonatal medicine, growth and development
  • Oncology
  • Psychological processes, behavior and mental diseases
  • Reproductive medicine
  • Skeletal, muscle and nervous systems
  • Skin and connective tissue diseases
  • Surgical procedures, anesthesia and analgesia

Manuscript categories

Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be a Full-length Paper, Short Communication, Review Article, Concepts and Comments, Case Report, Overview.

Full-length paper

Each manuscript should clearly state its objective or hypothesis; the experimental design and methods used (including the study setting and time period, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources and how these were selected for the study); the essential features of any interventions; the main outcome measures; the main results of the study, and a section placing the results in the context of published literature.

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text should be divided into separate sections (Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion), without a separate section for conclusions
  • no more than 40 references (without exceptions)

Short communication

A short communication is a report on a single subject, which should be concise but definitive. The scope of this section is intended to be wide and to encompass methodology and experimental data on subjects of interest to the readers of the Journal.

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text should be divided into separate sections (Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion), without a separate section for conclusions
  • no more than 20 references (without exceptions)
  • no more than three illustrations (figures and/or tables)

Review article

A review article should provide a synthetic and critical analysis of a relevant area and should not be merely a chronological description of the literature. A review article by investigators who have made substantial contributions to a specific area in medical and biological sciences will be published by invitation of the Editors. However, an outline of a review article may be submitted to the Editors without prior consultation. If it is judged appropriate for the Journal, the author(s) will be invited to prepare the article for peer review. A minireview is focused on a restricted part of a subject normally covered in a review article.

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text should be divided into sections with appropriate titles and subtitles
  • no more than 90 references (without exceptions)

Concepts and Comments

The Concepts and Comments section provides a platform for readers to present ideas, theories and views.

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text may be divided into sections with appropriate titles and subtitles
  • no more than 40 references (without exceptions)

Case report

A case report should have at least one of the following characteristics to be published in the Journal:

  • special interest to the clinical research community
  • a rare case that is particularly useful to demonstrate a mechanism or a difficulty in diagnosis
  • new diagnostic method
  • new or modified treatment
  • a text that demonstrates relevant findings and is well documented and without ambiguity

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text may be divided into sections with appropriate titles and subtitles
  • no more than 20 references (without exceptions)
  • no more than three illustrations (figures and/or tables)


An overview does not contain unpublished data. It presents the point of view of the author(s) in a less rigorous form than in a regular review or minireview and is of interest to the general reader.

The manuscript should contain:

  • abstract of no more than 250 words
  • no more than 6 key words
  • a running title to be used as a page heading, which should not exceed 60 letters and spaces
  • the text may be divided into sections with appropriate titles and subtitles
  • no more than 90 references (without exceptions)

Organization of the Manuscript

Most articles published in the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research will be organized into the following sections: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Key words, Introduction, Results, Material and Methods, Discussion, References, Acknowledgments, Tables with legends and footnotes, Figure legends and Figures. Uniformity in format will facilitate the experience of readers and users of the journal. Continuous page numbers are required for all pages including figures. There are no specific length restrictions for the overall manuscript or individual sections. However, we urge authors to present and discuss their findings concisely. We recognize that some articles will not be best presented in our research article format. If you have a manuscript that would benefit from a different format, please contact the editors to discuss this further.

Our online submission system can support a large range of formats for text and graphics, but if you experience difficulties with the site or are concerned about the suitability of your files, please see the manual for submission or contact the Production Department of the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research (bjournal@fmrp.usp.br).

Title Page


The title should be as short and informative as possible, should not contain non-standard acronyms or abbreviations, and should not exceed two printed lines.

Single-step purification of crotapotin and crotactine from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom using preparative isoelectric focusing

Please also provide a brief "running title" of approximately 60 characters.

Purification of crotapotin and crotactine

Authors and Affiliations

Initials and last name(s) of author(s) (matched with superscript numbers identifying institutions). Institution(s) (Department, Faculty, University, city, state, country) of each author (in Portuguese if authors are from Brazil).

A.S. Aguiar1, A.R. Melgarejo1, C.R. Alves2 and S. Giovanni-De-Simone2,3

1Divisão de Animais Peçonhentos, Instituto Vital Brazil, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
2Laboratório de Microsequenciamento de Proteínas, Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
3Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brasil

One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that the author list, and the summary of the author contributions to the study are accurate and complete. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all consortium members and affiliations should be listed after the Acknowledgments.

Corresponding author: Name, complete mailing address, including zip code, telephone number, Fax number and E-mail of author to whom correspondence should be sent.

Acknowledgment of research grants and fellowships (agency and grant number).

Key Words

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the Scielo Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr;articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Running title

This short title, to be used as a page heading, should not exceed 60 letters and spaces.


Since abstracts are published separately by Information Services, they should contain sufficient hard data, to be appreciated by the reader. The Brazilian Journal publishes unstructured abstracts.

The abstract should briefly and clearly present the problem, experimental approach, new results as quantitative data if possible, and conclusions. It should mention the techniques used without going into methodological detail and mention the most important results.

Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and should be defined in both the Abstract and text.

Please do not include any reference citations in the abstract. If the use of a reference is unavoidable, the full citation should be given within the abstract.

The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be written as a single paragraph double-spaced on a separate page following the title page.

Please see <http://www.bjournal.com.br/writing_a_good_abstract.html> for suggestions on writing a good abstract


The Introduction should put the focus of the manuscript into a broader context. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field. This should state the purpose of the investigation and justification for undertaking the research and relationship to other work in the field. An extensive listing or review of the literature should not be used. If there are relevant controversies or disagreements in the field, they should be mentioned so that a non-expert reader can delve into these issues further. The Introduction should conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the experiments and a comment about what was achieved.

Material and Methods

Sufficient information should be provided in the text or by referring to papers in generally available journals to permit the work to be repeated.

This section should provide enough detail for reproduction of the findings. Protocols for new methods should be included, but well-established protocols may simply be referenced. We encourage authors to submit, as separate files, detailed protocols for newer or less well-established methods. These will be linked to the article and will be fully accessable.


The results should be presented clearly and concisely. Tables and figures should be used only when necessary for effective comprehension of the data. In some situations, it may be desirable to combine Results and Discussion into a single section. The Results section should provide results of all of the experiments that are required to support the conclusions of the paper. There is no specific word limit for this section, but a description of experiments that are peripheral to the main message of the article and that detract from the focus of the article should not be included. The section may be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. Large datasets, including raw data, should be submitted as supplemental files; these are published online alongside the accepted article. The Results section should be written in past tense.


The purpose of the Discussion is to identify new and relevant results and relate them to existing knowledge. Information given elsewhere in the text, especially in Results, may be cited but all of the results should not be repeated in detail in the Discussion. The Discussion should spell out the major conclusions and interpretations of the work including some explanation of the significance of these conclusions. How do the conclusions affect the existing assumptions and models in the field? How can future research build on these observations? What are the key experiments that must be done? The Discussion should be concise and tightly argued. If warranted, the Results and Discussion may be combined into one section.


When appropriate, briefly acknowledge technical assistance, advice and contributions from colleagues. People who contributed to the work, but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed in the Acknowledgments, along with their contributions. Donations of animals, cells, or reagents should also be acknowledged You must also ensure that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to being so named. Financial support for the research and fellowships should be acknowledged on the title page.


Figures must be submitted in high-resolution version (600 dpi). Please ensure that the files conform to our Guidelines for Figure Preparation when preparing your figures for production.

Preparing figure files for submission

Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research encourages authors to use figures where this will increase the clarity of an article. The use of color figures in articles is free of charge. The following guidelines must be observed when preparing figures. Failure to do so is likely to delay acceptance and publication of the article.

  • Each figure of a manuscript should be submitted as a single file.
  • Tables should NOT be submitted as figures but should be provided as separate files in Word (.doc).
  • Figures should be numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text, and uploaded in this order.
  • Figure titles and legends should be provided in the main manuscript, not in the graphic file.
  • The aim of the figure legend should be to describe the key messages of the figure, but the figure should also be discussed in the text. An enlarged version of the figure and its full legend will often be viewed in a separate window online, and it should be possible for a reader to understand the figure without moving back and forth between this window and the relevant parts of the text. Each legend should have a concise title of no more than 15 words. The legend itself should be succinct, while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations. Avoid lengthy descriptions of methods.
  • Each figure should be closely cropped to minimize the amount of white space surrounding the illustration. Cropping figures improves accuracy when placing the figure in combination with other elements, when the accepted manuscript is prepared for publication on our site. For more information on individual figure file formats, see Guidelines for figures.
  • Individual figure files should not exceed 5 MB. If a suitable format is chosen, this file size is adequate for extremely high quality figures.
  • Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures (or tables) that have previously been published elsewhere. In order for all figures to be open-access, authors must have permission from the rights holder if they wish to include images that have been published elsewhere in non-open-access journals. Permission should be indicated in the figure legend, and the original source included in the reference list.

Supported file types

The following file formats can be accepted. Detailed information for each file type can be found by clicking on individual links.

  • EPS (suitable for diagrams and/or images)
  • PDF (suitable for diagrams and/or images)
  • Microsoft Word (suitable for diagrams and/or images, figures must be a single page)
  • PowerPoint (suitable for diagrams and/or images, figures must be a single page)
  • TIFF (suitable for images)
  • JPEG (suitable for photographic images, less suitable for graphical images)
  • BMP (suitable for images)

Micrographs should be treated like photographs with the following additional guidelines

  • Details of the magnification should be given as a magnification bar
  • Details of any stains used and the method of preparation the sample should be given in the figure legend or in the Methods section.
  • Detailed information about the microscope used should be included in the figure legend or in the Methods section.
  • The type of camera, photographic software and details of any subsequent image manipulation should be given in the article text.


  • Tables must be submitted in word (.doc) or Excel (.xls).
  • Tables must be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the text.
  • Tables must have a concise and descriptive title.
  • All explanatory information should be given in a footnote below the table. Footnotes should be used to explain abbreviations and provide statistical information.
  • All abbreviations must be defined in this footnote, even if they are explained in the text.
  • Tables must be understandable without referring to the text.
  • Each table should be submitted in a separate file. They should be uploaded after the manuscript file, in numerical order. Tables occupying more than one printed page should be avoided, if possible.
  • Vertical and diagonal lines should not be used in tables; instead, indentation and vertical or horizontal space should be used to group data.
  • Adapting/Reproducing Tables and Relevant Permissions. Acknowledgments of original sources of copied material should be given as a reference in the table footnote.
  • Tables in Excel must be cell-based; do not use picture elements, text boxes, tabs, or returns in tables.


Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meeting abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Limited citation of unpublished work should be included in the body of the text only. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and for correct text citation. When possible, references which are easily available in English should be cited.

The BJMBR uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in parentheses. Multiple citations within a single set of parentheses should be separated by commas without a space (1,5,7) . Where there are more than three sequential citations, they should be given as a range. Example: "...has been shown previously (4–9)." Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order before nambering the citations.

Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial. For all references, list the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages,

The Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html). Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. If the author uses the program "Reference Manager", copy the file containing the style of the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research and place it in the folder of "Styles". When submiting the manuscript, send the file produced in Reference Manager (".rmd" and ".rmx" ) as an attachment.

Please use the following style for the reference list:

Published Papers. First 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation in italics), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Lammers AE, Hislop AA, Flynn Y, Haworth SG. The 6-minute walk test: normal values for children of 4-11 years of age. Arch Dis Child 2008; 93: 464-468.

Zhang Q, Malik P, Pandey D, Gupta S, Jagnandan D, Belin de CE, et al. Paradoxical activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by NADPH oxidase. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2008; 28: 1627-1633.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention: NHLBI/WHO Workshop Report. Bethesda: National Institute of Health. National Heart, Lung and Blood Insitute publication No. 02-3659; 2006.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published. First 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Electronic Journal Articles (Online Journals). Ensure that URLs are active and available.

American Academy of Ophthalmology. Diabetic retinopathy disease severity scale. Am Acad Ophthalmol http://www.aao.org/education/library/recommendations/international_dr.cfm; 2005. Accessed 11 August 2006.

Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. JAMA http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/281/24/2289; 1999. Accessed 11 August 2006.

Internet Communication. Ensure that URLs are active and available.

Brasil. Associação Brasileira para o Estudo da Obesidade: pesquisa da população brasileira. http://www.abeso.org.br. Accessed February 22, 2008.

Information behaviour of the researcher of the future, CIBER Report. http://www.bl.uk/news/2008/pressrelease20080116.html.

CAPES Statistics. http://www.capes.gov.br/capes/portal. Accessed March 16, 2006.

CNPq Plataforma Lattes, "Investimentos do CNPq em CT&I". http://fomentonacional.cnpq.br/dmfomento/home/index.jsp. Accessed March 16, 2006.

Audiovisual Material

Physician's Desk Reference (PDR). Release 2003.1AX. [CD-ROM]. Montvale: Thomson PDR; 2003.

Computer Program

Dean AG, Dean JA, Coulombier D, Brendel KA, Smith DC, Burton AH, et al. Epi info, version 6.04: a word processing database and statistics program for public health on IBM-compatible microcomputers. [Computer program]. Atlanta: Centers of Disease Control and Prevention; 1998.

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Version 12.0. [Computer program]. Chicago: SPSS Inc.; 2006.


Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. Patent No. 5.529.067. Novoste Corporation; 1995.

Book, Whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

American College of Sports Medicine. Diretrizes do ACSM para os testes de esforço e sua prescrição . Rio de Janeiro : Guanabara Koogan; 2007.

Book, Chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

Kronfol A. Behavioral effects of cytokines: a psychiatrist's perspective. In: Plotnikoff NP, Faith RE, Murgo AJ, Good RA (Editors), Cytokines stress and immunity. London: CRC Press; 2007. p 1-16.

Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.


WHO (World Health Organization), IPCS (International Program in Chemical Safety). Environmental health criteria: 118 Inorganic mercury. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1991.

National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research. Wake up America: a national sleep alert. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1993.


Joselevitch C. Visão no ultravioleta em Carassius auratus (Ostariophysi, Cypriformes, Cyprinidae): estudo eletrofisiológico do sistema cone - células horizontais. [Master's thesis]. São Paulo: Instituto de Psicologia, USP; 1999.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings. Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

"Unpublished results", "Personal communication" and "Submitted papers". Reference should appear in the text with the individual name(s) and initials and not in the reference list.

(Santos CS, da-Silva GB, Martins LT, unpublished results).

It is assumed that the author has obtained permission from the source when "personal communication" is cited.

Abstract. First 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages (Abstract).

Lima SM, Bonci DM, Grotzner SR, Ribeiro CA, Ventura DF. Loss of amacrine cells in MeHg-treated retinae in a tropical fish. InvestOphthalmol Vis Sci 2003; 44: E-5172 (Abstract).

How to submit a manuscript to the BJMBR

Author Instructions
Please make sure you have read through these instructions carefully before beginning the submission process.

New Account Registration
Please go to http://bjmbr.msubmit.net, click on New authors should register for an account. You will be asked to enter your Last Name, Email and Telephone Number so that the system may first determine if an account already exists for you. If the system determines you already have an account, your login name and a new, temporary password will be automatically emailed to you. If you need further assistance, please contact the Journal Staff directly (bjournal@terra.com.br).

If the system does not find an existing account in the database, you will be directed to the registration screen where you can enter your personal information and choose a login name and password. You may log in immediately after creating your new account. You will also receive an email with your selected login information.

Modify Profile/Password
You may update your own profile information (such as address, areas of expertise, phone number, email, etc.) or your password at any time. Start by logging into your existing account. Click on the "Modify Profile/Password" link, displayed under the General Tasks near the bottom of your home screen.

Review Process
1. The Author submits a manuscript.
2. The Editor assigns a Section Editor to the manuscript.
3. The Section Editor assigns Reviewers to the manuscript.
4. The Reviewers review the manuscript.
5. The Section Editor makes a final recommendation to the Editor.
6. The Editor makes a final decision.
7. The Editor or the Staff contacts the Author with the final decision.

Preparing to Submit
Manuscript preparation instructions can be found at http://www.bjournal.com.br

Before submitting a manuscript, please gather the following information:

All Authors
First and Last Names
Postal Addresses
Work Telephone Numbers (for Corresponding Author only)
Email addresses

Title (you can copy and paste this from your manuscript)

Abstract (you can copy and paste this from your manuscript)

Cover Letter, including institution for EVERY Author listed on the manuscript.

Manuscript files in Word (Please make sure the "Language" is "English (U.S.)" via Tools->Language->Set Language)

Maximum number of References
Full paper – 40
Short Communication and Case Report – 20
Concepts and Comments – 40
Review Article – 90

Figures/Images as separate files with 600 dpi in TIFF, JPG, PDF, CDR, XLS, PSD, Postscript, or EPS format. Figures/Images should NOT be embedded in the article file

All light and electron micrographs must contain a magnification bar with its equivalence in micrometers. This information can be found on all micrographs together with the magnification size.

Short Communications, Concepts and Comments, and Case Reports may have only 3 illustrations of data (figures and/or tables)

Tables, as separate files, in Word as DOC or in Excel as XLS with descriptive title and footnote with details and statistical information

Suggested reviewers: Email address and institution of at least 3 peer reviewers

Submission Process
The four steps of the submission process are: Files, Manuscript Information, Validate, and Submit.

The four steps each contain sub-steps that can be accessed by clicking on their respective tabs.

Navigating through this "Tab View" will save any entered information each time a new tab is clicked (or the boxes "Save and Continue" and "Next" are clicked). Each step and sub-step are listed below:

1. Files
Upload Files: A screen asking for the actual file locations (via an open file dialog) will appear. After completing this screen, your files will be sent to be converted to PDF for the peer review process.

Remove Files: Allows the user to remove previously uploaded files.

Replace Files: Allows the user to replace any previously submitted files with another file.

File Type: This tab prompts the user to choose the "file type" that corresponds to the uploaded document. Although the file types can vary from journal to journal, the five basic types of files are, Author Cover Letter, Article File, Figure, Table, Supplemental Material.

File Description: When uploading a file type labeled "Figure", "Table", or "Supplemental Material", it is required to give a brief description of the content that is included in the file.

File Order: This tab allows the user to rearrange files to be displayed at the author's discretion. This tab also gives the option to merge PDF files into a single PDF file to display to the Editor and Reviewers. Upon completion, the user must check the checkbox indicating completion of the ordering and selection process.

2. Manuscript Information
Title, Abstract: It is required for the user to provide a Title for the manuscript as well as a Running Title and an Abstract. The Title, Running Title, and Abstract all have word or character limits.

Authors: This tab prompts the user to submit General Information about the author. The fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required, and need to be completed to continue the submission process.

Keywords & Subject Areas: A screen where the author provides the subject area of the manuscript from the list provided. The author must provide key words for the manuscript by typing them in the boxes that are provided.

Detailed Information: This screen asks for more detailed information regarding the manuscript. Although the questions in this tab may vary from journal to journal, typical questions include "Conflict of Interest" and "Dual Publication".

Author Review Suggestions: This screen allows the user to provide "suggested reviewers" to include for the revision process.

3. Validate
Approve Files: The screen allows the user to verify that the manuscript has been uploaded and converted to the PDF format correctly.

Approve Manuscript: This screen provides the user with all the information gathered from the submission process. It will provide a summary of all of the data entered so far, with the option to change any of those items.

4. Submit
This screen is the final step of the submission process. The system will check to make sure everything is completed before the manuscript is submitted. If the manuscript is ready for submission, then there will be text that reads: "Your manuscript is ready to be submitted. Click the link below to finalize your submission." Otherwise, it will ask that you modify your submission to fulfill all of the submission requirements.

Getting Help
Context-Sensitive Help: If you need additional help, you can click on the help signs spread throughout the system. A help dialog will pop up with context-sensitive help.

Contact Journal Staff: You may contact the Journal Staff at any time by clicking the "Send Manuscript Correspondence" link under the "More Manuscript Info and Tools" header on the manuscript details screen.

Login Help: If you have forgotten or do not know your login name or password, simply click the "Unknown/Forgotten Password" link on the home page. You will be asked to enter either your Login Name or your First and Last Name. If a single account can be found in the database, the system will automatically and instantly send you an email with your login name and a new, temporary password. If a single account cannot be identified from the information provided, you will need to contact the Journal Staff to reset your password for you.

Manuscript Status
After you approve your manuscript, the submission process is complete. You can get the status of your manuscript via:
1. Logging into the system with your password.
2. Clicking on the link represented by your manuscript tracking number and abbreviated title.
3. Clicking on the "Check Status" link at the bottom of the displayed page.

This procedure will display detailed tracking information about where your manuscript is in the submission/peer review process.

The manuscript submission process starts by pressing the "Submit Manuscript" link on your "Home" page after you have logged into the system. Please make sure you have gathered all the required manuscript information listed above BEFORE starting the submission process.

Please press HOME to continue.